ENGAGE: The Middle East

A module examining conflicts in Middle Eastern history from the Crusades to today

 

http://www.mideastweb.org/circleofpeace.htm

 

 

ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS:

 

First, let's look at where the Middle East is located and which countries are located in the Middle East.

Now, let's look at a video about the conflict between Israel and Palestine.

 YOUTUBE LINK

 

 

 


EXPLORE 1: THE MIDDLE EAST

Vocabulary & Background Information

mtsinai.jpg

Mt. Sinai in Egypt

TO DO: Vocabulary  

1. Divide the class into three groups (at least two people should be in each group)

2. Your teacher will assign you a group number-either one, two, or three.

3. Print the appropriate Handout from the "Handout" sidebar for your group.

4. Complete the assignment as explained in the handout.

5. Bring completed chart to Dialogue Center to share.

 


EXPLORE 2: THE MIDDLE EAST

Activating Prior Knowledge

mtsinai.jpg

Mt. Sinai in Egypt

 

 

TO DO: KWL

1. Copy and paste the KWL chart onto a Word Document

2. Complete the K "Know' column and the "W" Want to Know" column (at least three items in each column). Your topic is "Middle East".

3. Save the KWL as "KWL" in your Middle East folder.

4. Print out your KWL chart and be prepared to share at Dialogue Center.

 

WHAT I KNOW

WHAT I WANT TO KNOW

WHAT I LEARNED

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


EXPLAIN 1: THE CRUSADES

crusadebook.jpg

Developing our Understanding-Task #1: Finding the "What?"

While civilization in the Middle East has been around, some say, since the beginning of mankind in the Garden of Eden, we'll start our exploration of the Middle East in the time of the Middle Ages. When did Europeans (Westerners) first encounter people in the Middle East? What was that encounter like?

 

TASK #1: "What were the Crusades?"

TO DO:

1. Open a new word document and call it "The Crusades" and save it in your "Middle East" folder.

2. Copy and paste the question "What were the Crusades?" to the top of your Word document.

3. Visit the link below to find the answer to the question.

Middle Ages.org

4. Choose the sentences that answer the question best (Hint: they start with "The Crusades were.....") and copy and paste those sentences onto your document.

5. Under the sentences, copy and paste the url.

6. Under the url, answer the question "What were the Crusades?" in your own words.

7. Be prepared to discuss your response in Dialogue Center.

 


EXPLAIN 1: THE CRUSADES

crusadebook.jpg

Developing our Understanding-Task #2: Finding the "When?"

 

TASK #2: "When did the Crusades take place? When did each start and when did they end?"

TO DO:

1. Open your word document "The Crusades".

2. Copy and paste the questions: "When did the Crusades take place? When did each start and when did they end? What was going on before the Crusades?" on the document, below your TASK #1 work.

3. Visit the links below to find the answers to the questions.

 

Middle Ages.org

Timelines.com

4. Choose the information that best answers the questions and copy and paste it onto your word document "The Crusades." Make sure you only copy and paste information that answers the question. You don't want any superfluous information. (Hint: There was more than one crusade.)

5. Under your answers, copy and paste the url.

6. Under the url, copy, paste, and answer the questions: "What about this information stands out to you? Do you think one crusade was more important than another? If you had to number them in order of importance or impact on the world, how would you do that? What information is unclear or confusing?"

7. Be prepared to discuss your responses in Dialogue Center.

 


EXPLAIN 1: THE CRUSADES

crusadebook.jpg

Developing our Understanding-Task #3: Finding the "Where?"

 

 

TASK #3: "Where did the Crusades take place?"

TO DO:

1. Open your word document "The Crusades".

2. Copy and paste the question "Where did the Crusades take place?" on the document below your TASK #2 work.

3. Visit the links listed below to find an answer to the question. (Hint: If there are a lot of links, your teacher probably wants you to view them all and not just find the answer on the first one.) While looking for the answer, you will need to consider:

 

How Stuff Works-map

Middle Ages.org

US News

Religion Facts

Far Horizons travel blog

4. Choose the information that best answers the questions and copy and paste it onto your word document "The Crusades". Make sure your information answers the question completely. (Hint: Your information needs to address the bulleted questions, too.). If you need to copy and paste a map, you may do that.

5. Under your answers, copy and paste the urls that you used. There are more sites for this task, so be sure to identify the correct url for each piece of information you copied and pasted.

6. Under the urls, copy, paste, and answer the the bulleted questions in your own words.

7. Be prepared to discuss your response in Dialogue Center.

 

 


EXPLAIN 1: THE CRUSADES

lego king richard lionheart.jpg

 

Developing our Understanding-Task #4: Finding the "Who?"

 

 

TASK #4: "Who were the leaders in the Crusades? Who were the people affected by the Crusades?"

TO DO:

1. Open your word document "The Crusades".

2. Copy and paste the questions: "Who were the leaders in the Crusades? Who were the people affected by the Crusades?" on the document, below your TASK #3 work.

3. Visit the links below to find the answers to the questions

Crusades Encyclopedia

PBS

Hyper History

World History-Saladin

The Middle Ages-Richard the Lionheart

NNDB

Time-Specials

People of the Crusades

4. Choose the information that best answers the questions and copy and paste it onto your word document "The Crusades". Make sure your information answers the questions completely. (Hint: Describe each of the three leaders and his influence on the Crusades. Also, describe the people who were not the leaders-the "regular Joes" or "Mr. Average Citizen".)

5. Under your answers, copy and paste the urls that you used. There are more sites for this task so be sure to identify the correct url for each piece of information you copied and pasted.

6. Under the url, copy, paste, and answer the following questions: "Which leader do you think had the most influence? Why? Which people do you think were most affected by the Crusades? Why?".

7. Be prepared to discuss your responses in Dialogue Center.

 

 


EXPLAIN 1: THE CRUSADES

crusadesweapon.jpg

Developing our Understanding-Task #5: Finding the "Why?" and "How?"

 

 

TASK #5: "Why were the Crusades fought? How were they fought?"

TO DO:

1. Open your word document "The Crusades".

2. Copy and paste the questions: "Why were the Crusades fought? How were they fought?" on the document, below your TASK #4 work.

3. Visit the links below to find the answers to the questions.

How Stuff Works

New Advent.org

Crusades-History

About.com

History for Kids

 

4. Choose the information that best answers the questions and copy and paste it onto your word document "The Crusades". Make sure your information answers the questions completely. (Hint: Keep in mind that when answering a "why?" question, you should have the word "because" in your response. Also, the question "how" they fought could be answered by describing some of the weapons and techniques used.)

5. Under your answers, copy and paste the urls that you used. There are many sites for this TASK #5, so be sure to identify the correct url for each piece of information you copied and pasted.

6. Under the urls, copy, paste, and answer the following questions: "In your opinion, was the purpose (the why?) of the Crusades achieved? Why do you believe this?"

7. Be prepared to discuss your responses in Dialogue Center.

 

 


EXPLAIN 1: THE CRUSADES

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Developing our Understanding-Final CRUSADES Task: The "Check for Understanding"

 

 

TASK #6: CHECK FOR UNDERSTANDING

TO DO:

1. Print out the "Crusades Quiz" from the Handout sidebar.

2. Bring the "Crusades Quiz" to the Dialogue Center.

3. Use a pen or pencil to complete the quiz, adding as much detail as you can recall from your research.

4. Give your "Crusades Quiz" to your teacher to be graded.

5. If your grade is 80 or above, great. If your grade is below 80, then you will need to re-take the quiz.

 

 

 


MAKING CONNECTIONS 1: BETWEEN RELIGIONS

Comparing and Contrasting Christianity, Judaism, Islam, and Buddhism

venndiagram.jpg

Perhaps you noticed that the Crusades are explained as a war between religions: Christian vs. Muslim. There were many other factors that contributed to the Crusades: land, power, money, and politics, but religion seems to be the most obvious reason. We need to make some explanations and connections between three religions in the Middle East: Christian, Muslim, and Judaism. We might also look at Buddhism in this comparison since you examined it in your last module on Japan.

 

MAKING CONNECTIONS TASK: Finding commonalities between religions

TO DO:

1. Split into pairs.

2. Visit teacher for assigned religion.

2. Print out the World Religions Worksheet for you and your partner from the sidebar "Handouts".

3. Visit the links below to find the answers for your assigned religion:

 

4. Complete the Handout with your partner.

5. Bring your completed handout to Dialogue Center.

6. In Dialogue Center, complete either the Venn Diagram or the Compare/Contrast Chart together.

7. In Dialogue Center, make note of the commonalities between the religions.

 

EXPLAIN 2: THE HOLOCAUST

Deepening our Understanding-Task #1-Learning Together

holocustmemorialmuseum.jpg  

 In order to further our understanding of the conflict between Israel and Palestine, and perhaps between Middle East and West, we will need to learn about the Holocaust.

TASK #1: Learning Together

TO DO:

1. Visit the link to get an introduction to the Holocaust.

2. Read the article (there are four main sections).

3. Come to Dialogue Center prepared to discuss what you've learned and ask any questions you have.

 

 


 

EXPLAIN 2: THE HOLOCAUST

Deepening our Understanding-Task #2-Completing the Research

auschwitz.jpg

We've had an introduction to the Holocaust, and many of you had stories and/or information to share during our last Dialogue Center. Now, it is time to get our facts in order and determine the "who, what, where, when, why, and how?" of the Holocaust.

 

TASK #2: Creating a foundation on which to build our understanding

TO DO:

1. Copy and past the chart below onto a Word Document.

2. Save the chart as "The Holocaust" in your "MIddle East" folder.

3. Use the links below to complete the research chart.

4. Remember to get your information from two sources (urls) and that your information answers the question asked.

 

QUESTION

INFORMATION

URL

What was the Holocaust?

 

 

 

When did it take place?

 

 

 

Where did it take place?

 

 

 

Who were the leaders?   Who were the victims?

 

 

Why did this happen? (This is an opinion question.   Historians have come up with many reasons, but include your reasons here with an explanation.)

 

 

How did the Holocaust happen? How was it that 6 million human beings were killed before it was stopped?

 

 

LINKS:

http://history1900s.about.com/od/holocaust/a/holocaustfacts.htm

http://history1900s.about.com/od/holocaust/tp/holocaust.htm

http://www.middleschool.net/curlink/ss/ww2holoc/ww2holo.htm#holocaust

http://www.adl.org/education/edu_students_holocaust.asp

http://www.boiseschools.org/schools/riverglen/Library/Griggs/holocaust/HolocaustWebsites.html

http://www1.yadvashem.org/yv/en/holocaust/index.asp

http://www.ushmm.org/use the research link (left hand column)


EXPLAIN 2: THE HOLOCAUST

Deepening our Understanding-Task #3-Check for Understanding

 

 

auschwitz.jpg

 

TASK #3: CHECK FOR UNDERSTANDING

TO DO:

1. Visit the link below.

Jewish Virtual Library

2. Using what you know about the Holocaust, write a one paragraph response to the picture using one of the following points of view for your paragraph:

a. You are an American soldier who has arrived at the camp and sees this pile of shoes outside the crematorium. What is your reaction?

b. You are a Holocaust survivor and arrive at the camp searching for your little sister or brother and see the pile of shoes. What is your reaction?

c. You are one of the shoes in the pile. Who did you belong to? What did you do before the Holocaust?

What happened to your owner? What are you (the shoe) doing now or in the future?

3. Save your response as "Holocaust check for understanding".

4. Print your response and save it in your folder.

 


MAKING CONNECTIONS 2: BETWEEN CULTURES

 

venndiagram.jpg

 

The purpose of this page is to make some connections between the people that live in the Middle East-how they live, what they eat, what they wear, what they look like, what religions they follow, etc. Because this is a "Making Connections" page, we do not want to work too hard. Therefore, we will divide and share the labor!

First, let's look at how Middle Eastern culture might differ from the American culture.

1. Define collectivism and individualism.

2. Which definition do you think fits America's culture?

3. What is your opinion of each? Which do you think is better?

4. Do you think your opinions might influence how your react to Middle Eastern culture?

 

TASK #1: Completing the Culture Chart

TO DO:

1. Print a copy of the culture chart from the "Handout" sidebar.

2. Get the name of the country you need to research from your teacher.

3. Use the links below to complete the information for your country.

4. If you cannot find the answer, or want additional information, you may do a "google" search.

5. Be prepared to share your information in Dialogue Center.

An elementary school link with good, basic descriptions

The about.com site-explore the many links within

A link describing people in Jordan

A link describing people in Egypt

A link describing people in Iraq

A link describing people in Qatar

A link describing people in Saudi Arabia

A link describing people in Israel

A site examining cultures in the Middle East

TASK #2: Check for Understanding-Connections Between Cultures

TO DO:

1. After our Dialogue Center Discussion, look at the Comparison Chart the class created.

2. Decide which Middle Eastern Countries are the MOST alike (most commonalities) and which are MOST different (most dissimilarities).

3. Open a new Word Document and call it "Connections Between Cultlures".

4. Write on paragraph describing the countries that are most alike. (It's easy: 1. state your thesis, 2. provide your proof or reasons.)

5. Write one paragraph describing the countries that are most different.

 6. Print out your paragraphs and bring to Dialogue Center to share your ideas.

 

 

 

EXPLAIN 3: ZIONISM & THE CREATION OF A JEWISH NATION

Expanding our Understanding: Task #1-Defining Zionism

 

old map 2.jpg

 

 

Task #1: "What is Zionism?"

TO DO:

1. Open a Word Document and save it as "Zionism" in your "Middle East" folder.

2. Copy and past the question: "What is Zionism?" to your Word Document.

3. Find the answer to the question by visiting the links below.

 

The Anti-Defamation League

The Jewish Virtual Library-What is Zionism?

 

4. Choose the information that best answers the question and copy and paste it onto your word document "Zionism".

5. Under your answers, copy and paste the urls that you used.

6. Under the urls, please write your response to the following question: "Who might not agree or not like Zionism? Who would be supportive of Zionism?" You have to think of a circumstance or a point of view that is contrary to the information from the websites. Write your response to the question below the urls on your Word Document "What is Zionism?".

7. Be prepared to discuss your response in Dialogue Center.

 


EXPLAIN 3: ZIONISM & THE CREATION OF A JEWISH NATION

Expanding our Understanding: Task #2-"When and Where did Zionism begin?"

 

old map.jpg

 

TASK #2: "When and Where did Zionism begin?"

TO DO:

1. Open a Word Document and save it as "Zionism" in your "Middle East" folder.

2. Copy and past the questions: "When and Where did Zionism begin?" to your Word Document.

3. Find the answer to the question by visiting the links below.

 

Zionism Timeline Zionism Map

4. Choose the information that best answers the question and copy and paste it onto your word document "Zionism".

5. Under your answers, copy and paste the urls that you used.

6. Under the urls, please write your response to the following question: "Why do you think the Zionism movement became so powerful when it did?"

7. Be prepared to discuss your response in Dialogue Center.

 


EXPLAIN 3: ZIONISM & THE CREATION OF A JEWISH NATION

Expanding our Understanding: Task #3-"Who were the leaders of the Zionist Movement?"

 

Zionist leaders.jpg

 

TASK #3: "Who were the leaders of the Zionist Movement?"

TO DO:

1. Open a Word Document and save it as "Zionism" in your "Middle East" folder.

2. Copy and past the questions: "Who were the leaders of the Zionist Movement?" to your Word Document.

3. Find the answer to the question by visiting the link below.

 

The Jewish Virtual Library-Zionists

4. Choose the information that best answers the question and copy and paste it onto your word document "Zionism".

5. Under your answers, copy and paste the url that you used.

6. Under the url, please write your response to the following questions: "What influenced the leaders of the Zionist Movement the most? What motivated them to push for the creation of a Jewish nation? Why do you think that there are Jewish people who disagree with Zionism and the Zionism movement?"

7. Be prepared to discuss your response in Dialogue Center.

EXTRA: Look up information on the people who do NOT believe in Zionism. Look at the reasons behind the beliefs of the Anti-Zionists.

 

 


EXPLAIN 3: ZIONISM & THE CREATION OF A JEWISH NATION

Expanding our Understanding: Task #4-"How was the Nation of Israel created?"

tank.jpg

"No two historians ever agree on what happened, and the damn thing is they both think they're telling the truth."   Harry S. Truman.

 

TASK #4: "How was the Nation of Israel Created?"

TO DO:

1. Click and read the Balfour Declaration.

2. Copy and paste the question: "What is the significance or importance of the Balfour Declaration to the creation of Israel?" onto your "Zionism" Word Document.

3. Type your response to the question.

4. Copy and paste the question: "How was the Nation of Israel created?" onto your "Zionism" Word Document.

5. Visit the following youtube links to watch the History Channel video and a BBC video about the Creation of Israel. The website below the youtube links will also provide you with information needed to answer the question "How was the State of Israel created? in your "Zionism" word document. You may copy and paste from the website, but information from the videos need to be put in your own words. (The youtube videos take time to load, so while the video is loading, look at the website.)

 

The Creation of Israel Part 1 of 10

The Birth of a Nation-BBC

and the website

History Guy-Israeli+Palestinian conflict

 

6. Copy and paste the urls used to find your information.

7. Be prepared to discuss your responses in Dialogue Center.

 

 


EXPLAIN 3: ZIONISM & THE CREATION OF A JEWISH NATION

Expanding our Understanding: Task #5-The Check for Understanding

 

flag.jpg

 

TASK #5: The Check for Understanding

TO DO:

1. Print out the "Zionism Quiz" from the Handout sidebar.

2. Take the quiz.

3. Have your teacher score your quiz.

4. If your score is 80 or above, you are done! If your score is below 80: study, and retake the quiz.

 

 


 ELABORATE: THE NIGHTLY NEWS

Demonstrating Your Understanding

abcnews.jpg

 

 

You are going to write and present an editorial on the TMS News about the best way toward achieving peace in the Middle East-between Israel and Palestine, between the West and the Middle Eastern countries. We will videotape your editorial opinion, just like the nightly news!

First, we need to get current information about what is happening in countries in that area. Visit the following news links and select the tab for World News. Read the stories, watch the videos and get up to date information on events in the Middle East.

http://abcnews.go.com/

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/

http://www.foxnews.com/

http://www.cbsnews.com/

 

FINAL TASK: Demonstrating Your Understanding

TO DO:

1. Using all your background knowledge and expertise, think of what people need to do to achieve peace in the geographic area known as the Middle East.

2. Type up your ideas or plan for peace (your thesis) in a Word Document and save it as "Editorial Draft" in your "Middle East" folder.

3. Under your thesis, list (using bullets) the reasoning behind your thinking. You reasons need to be based on what you've learned in the module. Therefore, you should be able to use an historical reason from the Crusades and the Holocaust. a reason based on your knowledge of Zionism, a reason or two based on your knowledge of Middle Eastern culture, and a reason or two based on religion.

4. Type up a conclusion, using what you know makes a good conclusion. Your conclusion must not only summarize your reasons, or arguments, but include "call to action" or a "insigtful observation or judgement". Use this link if needed.

5. Print out your "Editorial Draft" so your teacher can offer help and ideas.

6. Save your "Editorial Draft" as (use the "Save As" feature) "Editorial Draft2".

7. Find, copy, and paste quotes that support your reasoning, or arguments. Make sure to include the url.

8. Write a strong introduction for your editorial. Use this link if needed.

9. Print out your "Editorial Draft2" and give it to your teacher for help and ideas.

10. Save your "Editorial Draft2" as (use the "Save As" feature) "Final Draft"

11. Read your "Final Draft" aloud and make changes needed for clarity and ease of reading.

12. Videotape yourself in class reading your editorial as if on the Nightly News.

 

 


EVALUATE: The Debrief

Evaluating Your Work & Assessing What You Learned

 

dome.jpg

TO DO:

1. Copy and paste the debrief questions below onto a word document and save it as "Debrief" in your "Middle East" folder.

2. Answer the twelve debrief questions completely (ACADEMIC and PROCESS)

3. Print out your debrief and bring to Dialogue Center.

 

TO DO:

1. Print out the final scoring rubric from the "Handout" sidebar.

2. Score your work for each of the criteria by circling the appropriate column.

3. Give the completed rubric to your teacher.

 

DEBRIEF QUESTIONS:

ACADEMIC QUESTIONS:

1. Why has there been so much conflict in this geographical area?

2. What conditions, people, or events have exacerbated the conflicts?

3. What conditions, people, or events have stifled the conflicts?

4. How do the culture and traditions of Israel and Palestine differ from each other and those in the United States?   From those of the Far East?  

5. How might those differences interfere with the peace process?

6. How have Mideastern traditions and culture changed to adapt to the 21st Century?

 

 PROCESS QUESTIONS:

7. What information that you learned in this module surprise you the most?

8. What skills did you learn or improve during this module?

9. What information or skills did you learn or improve that you think you will use again?

10. What was the most difficult part of this module?

11. What was the easiest part of this module?

12. What would you do to improve this module?